NORDIC PULP & PAPER RESEARCH JOURNAL
Home » Volume 32, 2017 » Issue No. 4
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Effect of composting of paper mill sludge for land spreading
Ji-Young Lee, Chul-Hwan Kim, Sol Kown and Hyeong-Hun Park
Abstract
Paper mill sludge (PMS) has traditionally been landfilled or dumped in the oceans, but the London Convention in Korea strictly banned such disposal methods in 2016. Therefore, the paper industry must find effective ways to reuse PMS appropriately to avoid breaching government regulations against sludge disposal. One efficient way of reusing PMS is composting, which could provide structural and chemical amendment for land spreading. This was evaluated through the measurement of physico-chemical analyses of PMS before and after composting. After composting, no harmful chemical components were detected in PMS, and its particle size and porosity were in the proper range for plant growth. In addition, it was confirmed that the composted PMS greatly contributed to seed germination and plant growth with decreased phytotoxicity, differently from raw PMS.
Keywords
Amendment, Composting, Germination, London Convention, Paper mill sludge, Plant growth
Pages
691-698
DOI
10.3183/NPPRJ-2017-32-04-p691-698
Price
22 EUR (excl. VAT) Buy PDF
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal (NPPRJ) is an international scientific magazine covering science and technology for the areas of wood or bio-mass constituents, pulp and paper and including new fiber-based materials, recovery and by-products from pulping processes, bio-refining and energy issues. Articles meeting required scientific standards are accepted from any continent.
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ISSN: 0283-2631