NORDIC PULP & PAPER RESEARCH JOURNAL
Home » Volume 32, 2017 » Issue No. 1
CHEMICAL PULPING
The Arrhenius Equation is Still a Useful Tool in Chemical Engineering OPEN ACCESS
Ulf Germgård, Karlstad, Sweden
Abstract
The Arrhenius equation correlates the rate of a chemical reaction with the corresponding activation energy, reaction time and reaction temperature, where the latter is measured in Kelvin. Although the equation is rather simple it can be used to summarize the kinetics of most chemical reactions in a surprisingly good manner. The activation energy is an interesting parameter that can be seen as an energy barrier which the reacting chemicals have to pass before a chemical reaction is initiated. Thus, the higher the activation energy, the lower is the rate of the chemical reaction. Moreover, the equation can also be used, for example, to forecast the influence of a higher temperature on the composition of a product consisting of components with different activation energies. In such a case, a component with higher activation energy will increase its rate of reaction more than a component with lower activation energy. The composition of the original product will thus obtain a shrinking fraction of the fast reacting component. The report gives some guidelines of how to calculate the activation energy for a given case in a pulp mill.
Keywords
Activation energy, Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Kinetics, Kraft pulping, Lignin, Sulfite pulping
Pages
021-024
DOI
10.3183/NPPRJ-2017-32-01-p021-024
Full text
PDF Document N2017-32-01-p021-024-Germgard.pdf (237KB)
The Arrhenius Equation is Still a Useful Tool in Chemical Engineering OPEN ACCESS (2017-32-01-p021-024-Germgard.pdf)
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal (NPPRJ) is an international scientific magazine covering science and technology for the areas of wood or bio-mass constituents, pulp and paper and including new fiber-based materials, recovery and by-products from pulping processes, bio-refining and energy issues. Articles meeting required scientific standards are accepted from any continent.
ISSN: 0283-2631