Effects of cellulose micro/nanofibers as paper additives in kraft and kraft-NaBH4 pulps
Ayhan Tozluoğlu and Bayram Poyraz, Duzce University, Duzce, Turkey
This study examined the effects of various CMF/CNFs (microfibrillated and nanofibrillated celluloses) on the relevant properties of paper produced from kraft and kraft-NaBH4 pulps. Subsequent effects of pretreatments on the mechanical, drainage, optical and physical properties of papers obtained from both kraft and kraft-NaBH4 pulps were also studied. Enzymatic pretreatments were accomplished using Celluclast 1.5 L and Pulpzyme HC 2500 enzymes; 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO), phthalimide-N-oxy (PINO) and periodate were utilized in chemical pretreatments. Results showed that the mechanical properties of paper for both kraft and kraft-NaBH4 pulps were improved with the addition of different types of CMF/CNF samples, whereas the sheet drainage was impaired. With 1.5% additions of various CMFs, the kraft pulp and the kraft-NaBH4 pulp displayed increases of 8.32-18.3% and 2.33-8.86% in tensile strength and 6.00-14.0% and 14.0-22.0% in šSR, respectively. Compared to other pretreated CMF/CNFs, periodate oxidized-CMF/CNFs significantly affected the properties of papers obtained from both kraft and kraft-NaBH4 pulps. Results also showed that the addition of various CMF/CNFs had a greater effect on the kraft-NaBH4 pulp than on the kraft pulp.
Enzymes, Nanocellulose, Paper, Periodate, PINO, TEMPO
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal (NPPRJ) is an international scientific magazine covering science and technology for the areas of wood or bio-mass constituents, pulp and paper and including new fiber-based materials, recovery and by-products from pulping processes, bio-refining and energy issues. Articles meeting required scientific standards are accepted from any continent. Open Access: Articles not available through Gold Open Access may be purchased by credit card as a pdf file, to be downloaded within 24 h after ordering, at a price of 22 EUR per article. (Value added tax may apply depending on your location, which you enter at payment logout.) Such articles have Green Open Access, i.e. authors may share articles on their personal non-commerical homepage immediately after publication on the website and download them to non-commercial hosting platforms one year after publication in a full issue of NPPRJ. ISSN: 0283-2631