Eric Linvill and Sören Östlund, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Paperboard is oftentimes subjected to biaxial in-plane stress and strain states, although very few experimental studies of the biaxial in-plane yield and failure of paperboard have been conducted. A new biaxial testing method to determine the in-plane stress- and strain-based yield and failure surface of paperboard was proposed and implemented. The method utilized cruciform specimens containing a reduced-thickness region (prepared by laser engraver) to increase probability of failure in that region, and digital image correlation was utilized to measure strain. The obtained stress-based failure surface was similar to previously reported results in the literature, but the obtained strain-based failure surface differed from the one previously reported strain-based failure surface. The obtained yield and failure surfaces had similar shape, providing confidence in both results due to the related deformation and failure mechanisms in paperboard. Furthermore, the overall shape of the stress- and strain-based yield surfaces was unaffected by the definition of the yield point. The obtained strain-based failure surface revealed the forming limits and therefore strengths and limitations of various 3-D forming methods for paperboard.
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal (NPPRJ) is an international scientific magazine covering science and technology for the areas of wood or bio-mass constituents, pulp and paper and including new fiber-based materials, recovery and by-products from pulping processes, bio-refining and energy issues. Articles meeting required scientific standards are accepted from any continent. Open Access: Articles not available through Gold Open Access may be purchased by credit card as a pdf file, to be downloaded within 24 h after ordering, at a price of 22 EUR per article. (Value added tax may apply depending on your location, which you enter at payment logout.) Such articles have Green Open Access, i.e. authors may share articles on their personal non-commerical homepage immediately after publication on the website and download them to non-commercial hosting platforms one year after publication in a full issue of NPPRJ. ISSN: 0283-2631