Marina Vukoje, Sonja Jamnicki and Mirela Rožić, Faculty of Graphic Arts, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
This paper evaluates the deinkability of thermochromic offset inks. For this purpose, three thermochromic inks were printed on white uncoated paper, in laboratory conditions. These prints were mixed in equal shares and recycled by means of chemical deinking flotation under defined conditions in the laboratory according to INGEDE method 11p. Deinkability is evaluated by calculating the flotation yield, pulp’s brightness and whiteness increase and the colour properties, determination of residual ink area, as well as ash content elimination. The obtained results indicate that thermochromic prints are poorly deinkable. The image analysis shows that flotation deinking managed to eliminate only 12.8% of the total dirt area of thermochromic ink. Only a small increase in deinked handsheets brightness and whiteness (approx. 5% and 2%) is noticed. The results of surface properties determination showed that the adhesion of inks on the paper is high. Thermochromic inks can affect wastewater too, by affecting its colouration due to their interactions with deinking solution and/or as a result of their mechanical damage during defibration.
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal (NPPRJ) is an international scientific magazine covering science and technology for the areas of wood or bio-mass constituents, pulp and paper and including new fiber-based materials, recovery and by-products from pulping processes, bio-refining and energy issues. Articles meeting required scientific standards are accepted from any continent. Open Access: Articles not available through Gold Open Access may be purchased by credit card as a pdf file, to be downloaded within 24 h after ordering, at a price of 22 EUR per article. (Value added tax may apply depending on your location, which you enter at payment logout.) Such articles have Green Open Access, i.e. authors may share articles on their personal non-commerical homepage immediately after publication on the website and download them to non-commercial hosting platforms one year after publication in a full issue of NPPRJ. ISSN: 0283-2631