NORDIC PULP & PAPER RESEARCH JOURNAL
Home » Volume 31, 2016 » Issue No. 4
RECYCLING
Deinkability of thermochromic offset inks
Marina Vukoje, Sonja Jamnicki and Mirela Rožić, Faculty of Graphic Arts, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Abstract
This paper evaluates the deinkability of thermochromic offset inks. For this purpose, three thermochromic inks were printed on white uncoated paper, in laboratory conditions. These prints were mixed in equal shares and recycled by means of chemical deinking flotation under defined conditions in the laboratory according to INGEDE method 11p. Deinkability is evaluated by calculating the flotation yield, pulp’s brightness and whiteness increase and the colour properties, determination of residual ink area, as well as ash content elimination. The obtained results indicate that thermochromic prints are poorly deinkable. The image analysis shows that flotation deinking managed to eliminate only 12.8% of the total dirt area of thermochromic ink. Only a small increase in deinked handsheets brightness and whiteness (approx. 5% and 2%) is noticed. The results of surface properties determination showed that the adhesion of inks on the paper is high. Thermochromic inks can affect wastewater too, by affecting its colouration due to their interactions with deinking solution and/or as a result of their mechanical damage during defibration.
Keywords
Adhesion, Flotation deinking, Image analysis, Optical properties, Recycling, Surface free energy, Thermochromic ink
Pages
692-699
DOI
10.3183/NPPRJ-2016-31-04-p692-699
Price
22 EUR (excl. VAT) Buy PDF
Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal (NPPRJ) is an international scientific magazine covering science and technology for the areas of wood or bio-mass constituents, pulp and paper and including new fiber-based materials, recovery and by-products from pulping processes, bio-refining and energy issues. Articles meeting required scientific standards are accepted from any continent.
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ISSN: 0283-2631